Shenzhen, as Special Economics Zone, has got significant achievement in the past 30 years after the economics reform. As one of important parts, Shenzhen port logistics have also got a great development. Shenzhen not only becomes one of the container hub of China, but also becomes one of the biggest ports in the world. Though the global economics is getting complicated, port and shipping market is facing huge challenge, we are still confident in the future of Shenzhen port logistic.
Shenzhen has been the 4th busiest port in the world for 8 years. It has been China Transportation Hub and Container Hub in South China. HPH Group, China Merchant, Wharf, Maersk and other shipping world famous brands have already invested in Shenzhen.
From the first berth set up in 1980, there are ten port area have been formed, including Shenkou, Chiwan, Mawan, Yantian, DaChanWan, ShaYuCong, XiaDong, DongJiaoTou, FuYong and NeiHe. Total investment is around 60Billion RMB. Up to end of 2010, there are 176 berths, within which there are 69 berths with 10,000 tons capacity and 44 container berths. The yearly handling capacity is around 194.9 Million tons and 18.91 million TEU.
The throughput of 2010 is 220 million tons, which is 15.59% increase of last year. Container throughput is 22.5 million TEU, which is 23.1% increase.
The Scale of Shenzhen Port Logistics Industry
Port Logistics Industry includes main port business, supporting services, connected manufacture, financial and information service. There are 7 port investment companies, including Yantian Port Group, China Merchant, Nanshan Development. And there are 35 port operators. There are 40 international shipping lines calling Shenzhen, 32 ship agencies, 1500 international forwarders. And there are around 50 registered water transportation companies, owning container ships, bulk vessel, gas and passenger transportation.
There are over 100 warehouse operators, 80 companies providing related vessel service, and more than 2000 trucking companies. Up to end of 2010, there are 230 line haul services in Shenzhen, which brings 24353 callings. At the same time, 8 domestic services has been started. From Shenzhen, we connect with more than 300 ports in over 100 countries. In the past 30 years, Shenzhen Port Logistics have taken great impact on transportation facilities, attracting foreign investment and strenghtened international trade.
The modern logistics industry has been developed rapidly, which has created more opportunity for Port Logistics.
The modern logistics industry has been formed. Supported by system management of transportation, sea port and air port business, logistics parks and the whole industry development, we could keep a steady and rapid development. The logistics service has been improved. Up to end of the 11th 5-years plan, there are 14,800 logistics companies, within which there are more than 300 supply chain companies. The supply chain service system has been formed, which is plan-purchase-manufature-delilver-return. The traditional logistics service has been changing to 3 party logistics and supply chain services.
The logistics facilities have been improved. Sea, road and air transportation network, logistics park and data management system have been upgraded. Shenzhen will work more closely with HK in Shipping area. The logistics policy has been set. Shenzhen Government has announced several polity to support modern logistics industry. Shenzhen encourage innovated logistics management model and the impact is very significant in China.
New challenge of current port logistics
The international economic is not stable. The international trade environment is getting worse. The bulk cargo price has been getting high and the appreciation of RMB has impacted the export. The export increased only 2% this year, up to now. The restructure of industry in Delta Port has affected a lot of factories. Those low value-add industries have been moved to inland cities.
The strategic of logistics adaptation is to develop port supply chain
The competition among ports has been changed to supply chain competition. The supply chain is based on port and shipping industry, including all related service providers. The port should connect with other service providers to extend logistics function and provide There are more and more manufatures and trading company out-sourcing their logistics service. So There are more and more supply chain companies starting extended services.
Case study:Shenzhen JinYunDa has set up international logistics centre, providing international purchase, export and import consolidation and distribution; YiYaTong to provide 'one-stop' supply chain services, including marketing and production services. They could help customers to save up to 15% cost.
The current 7 key logistics parks have been connected with high way and direct/indirect businss relationship with ports. Walmart, Carrerfour, IKEA have set up Distribution Center. DHL, UPS, Maersk Logistics, APL Logistics, COSCO Logistics and other world famous companies have been working with logistics park and providing global services. The logistics parks has been the key base for port supply chain.
According to Shenzhen Government transportation strategic, Shenzhen modern logistics development plan is to build up Shenzhen as the global logistics hub, which only has the function to allocate international resources, but also has the ability to operate international commercial business. Shenzhen would like to be the key port in China coastal transportation and take key part in HK, which is as international shipping center. The container throughput will be 28 million TEU in year 2015.
According to 'Shenzhen Port Plan', Shenzhen port includes two sides, six districts and three port areas. The two sides refer to east and west port clusters. Six districts are Yantian, Longang, Nanshan, Dachanwan, Big and Small (two)Islands and Bao'an Ports. Three port areas are Yantian, Nanshan and Dachanwan, which mainly handle container business.
Our mission is to build a world class port, a modern port with competitive, environmental friendly, safe and sustainability.